Lack of livelihood opportunities in rural areas is forcing many to migrate. About 300 million people are migrating seasonally just in India and similar patterns have been observed in neighbouring countries of Nepal and Bangladesh.
Children are the most unrecognized and vulnerable groups among internal migrants. As per study by AEA-Unicef(2012), 47 percent of migrant children are in the school going age of 6-14 years of age and 43 percent are in the age group of 0-6 years.
These children often lose access to basic entitlements, miss out on schooling and are subject to health and security risks. They also forgo critical inputs necessary for their physical, psychological and intellectual development during their formative years. This has an irreversible impact on their emotional and cognitive development.
Limited access that migrants have to anganwadis (child care centers run by the government of India), public distribution services and public health services has a negative impact on the health of children. Migrant children remain deprived of essential elements of ‘care’ and ‘early stimulation’ whilst their mothers work, which leads to their neglect or at best inadequate care by siblings. In the absence of crèches and early childcare services, children’s transition to formal schooling remains incomplete.
Migration also delays school entry, interrupts schooling or sometimes even denies it completely. The number of children dropping out also increases due to migration, leading to child labour and exploitation.
Our projects in Indian states such as Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana engage with all the stakeholders to create a safe environment for the young migrants in worksites. It focuses on providing care and education to the children through Child Care & Learning Centers and providing education, health care services and entitlements through linkages with the local government institutions including Schools, Hospitals and other government departments.
Our Migration programmes are impacting 8864 Migrant Children and 685 adolescent girls living in 65 migrant worksites in Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chennai and Hyderabad
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