According to National AIDS Control Organization of India, the prevalence of AIDS in India in 2013 was 0.27, which is down from 0.41 in 2002. While the National AIDS Control Organisation estimated that 2.39 million people live with HIV/AIDS in India in 2008–09, a more recent investigation by the Million Death Study Collaborators in the British Medical Journal (2010) estimates the population to be between 1.4–1.6 million people.
Due to consorted efforts of the Government of India, the last decade has seen a 50% decline in the number of new HIV infections. According to more recent National AIDS Control Organisation data, India has demonstrated an overall reduction of 57 percent in estimated annual new HIV infections (among adult population) from 0.274 million in 2000 to 0.116 million in 2011, and the estimated number of people living with HIV was 2.08 million in 2011.
However, in states like Punjab, the spread of HIV through Injecting Drug Users is a matter of concern. Punjab being a border state surrounded by international (Pakistan) and interstate borders (Jammu and Kashmir to the North, Himachal Pradesh to the Northeast, Haryana to the South and Southeast and Rajasthan to the Southwest) that makes it an important state in the HIV context making it vulnerable to the infection in selected districts. The vulnerability is also attributed to huge concentration of high risk groups (FSWs, MSMs and the IDUs) and bridge population (Migrants and Truckers) in the state. The vulnerability is also attributed to huge concentration of high risk groups (FSWs, MSMs and the IDUs) and bridge population (Migrants and Truckers) in the state.
Aide et Action is implementing the IDUs project in Jalandhar district of Punjab. Through the several outreach and health activities, the project has reached out to 561 IDUs in the district. The project helps the target group avail various referral services and ensures enabling environment to minimize social stigma associated with HIV & AIDS.
Source: AEA South Asia Activity Report 2015