Internal distress migration is spurred primarily by lack of employment at the source. About two out of ten Indians are internal migrants who have moved across district or state lines—a rate notable for the sheer numbers who move within a country with a population that tops 1.2 billion.
Regardless of the duration of their stay, migrants face myriad challenges like restricted access to basic needs such as identity documentation, social entitlements, housing, and financial services etc. Many migrants, especially those who relocate to a place where the local language and culture is different from that of their native face harassment and political exclusion.
Children are usually most affected by distress migration. Due to the frequent back and forth movement from village to the migration destinations, their education gets disturbed and they end up being absorbed into the unorganized labour force.
Since 2010, Aide et Action has been addressing the issues of young migrants by developing educational projects along with early child care provisions accessible to the children in the age group from 0-14 years. Aide et Action forged a partnership with the government departments of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Odisha to provide requisite language-specific teaching to the migrant children at the destination points during the migration season. Once the season concludes, these children were re-integrated into the schools at the source.
Aide et Action also initiated a pilot project on decent housing in brick kiln site, one each in Hyderabad (2013) and Chennai (2014). The demonstrative models have prompted the brick kiln owners in the nearby sites to replicate them in their sites.
Source: AEA South Asia Activity Report 2015